Shipping Regulation in Turkey for 2021
Turkey has set its sights on achieving a goal that is called “Turkey 2023”, and has set several axes for it, among them: To be among the top ten economic countries in the world.
Indeed, Turkey has succeeded in being one of the largest industrialized countries in the world, and its products have become a demand in various countries of the world.
With the tremendous jumps of the Turkish economy during the past years, many Turkish and non-Turkish investors have rushed to establish their companies and factories in Turkey.
Increasing the Import and Export Market
It is a reality, which naturally helped increase the import and export market, and this market in Turkey has become characterized by accuracy and speed, which ensures that every investor can easily and easily deliver or receive his goods.
Because customs regulations and laws for import and export have become similar in most countries of the world, the terms of import and export are known, and they do not differ except according to the nature of each country and each commodity.
Strategic Geographic Location
Turkey is one of the largest trading economies in the world and companies here import and export a large number of products.
This is why the country has a well-developed transportation network by land, water, and air.
Most of the products exported by Turkish companies are directed towards Europe and Asia.
In terms of export sales, Turkey has solid business collaborations with countries worldwide and benefits from an excellent strategic geographic location which eases the trading activities by sea, air, and land.
Turkey is extremely appealing from a business point of view and provides the proper climate for international entrepreneurs with import and export activities, sustained by excellent infrastructure, fast formalities, and varied trade agreements with important economic organizations.
Common Export/Import Documents
Turkish companies and branches of foreign companies operating in Turkey can import goods under one of the customs regimes.
Depending on the products to enter the country, specific documentation must accompany them.
The following documents need to be presented to the Customs Offices when importing goods into Turkey:
Certificate of Manufacturer
This is a notarized document certifying that the goods have been produced by the manufacturer, fulfills the general product requirements, and is ready for shipment.
Certificate of Origin
This document is prepared by the manufacturer and is certified by a government entity or chamber of commerce. It’s used to identify the country of the manufacturer where the goods were made. For example, the U.S. Food & Drug Administration requires a certificate of origin for every product imported to the US.
When the international sale is complete and goods are ready to be shipped out, a commercial invoice is a document used to describe the entire export transaction from beginning to end including the shipping terms.
It is one of the most important documents because it provides critical information and instructions to all parties involved: buyer, freight forwarder, import broker, banks, carriers, etc.
Many countries may require specific invoices or licenses.
Bill of Lading
The bill of lading is usually the first common document used in international shipment and it is a contract between the owner of the goods and the carrier.
It will state what goods are shipping, where they are going, and where the shipment started.
Besides, once the shipment is picked up, the bill of lading serves as a receipt issued by the carrier.
These inspections are usually done with industrial equipment, perishable merchandise, and meat products.
It certifies the items were received in good condition and that the shipment contained the correct quantity.
When it comes to special products, such as fish, fresh fruit and vegetables, meat, and other food products, these must be accompanied by health certificates, ingredient certificates, phytosanitary certificates, and other specific documents.
Even though it’s not always required, it’s an important document used by freight forwarders to prepare a bill of lading and to understand how much cargo is needed.
A packing list is similar to a shipping list in that it lists the goods being shipping, information on how it was packed, how the goods are numbered, and weight/height dimensions.
For export shipments, this document certifies you have bought an insurance policy for cargo on board.
Insurance may be purchased because liability and large losses are a concern to the exporter.
It is not required in every country but is used to help many emerging nations facilitate customs and collection of taxes.
A consular invoice is a form available through a consular representative of the country you’re shipping to and it certifies the shipment of goods.
The purpose of this receipt is to provide the exporter with proof that the delivery of goods to the international carrier was successful and in good condition.
The Customs Clearance Process
1. Shipment Paperwork
The customs officer will look at the paperwork for your shipment.
This document will list both the shipper and the receiver’s contact information, in addition to shipment details such as the export date and airway bill number.
2. Taxes and Duties
The customs officer will see if any taxes and duties apply to your shipment.
This will depend on the type of goods, their value, and the laws of the importing country.
3. Payment of Taxes and Duties (DDU – DDP)
Customs will request payment of taxes and duties if they haven’t been paid.
This is where the option of DDU (Delivered Duty Unpaid) and DDP (Delivered Duty Paid) comes into effect.
If a shipment is marked as DDP, this means that payment of the taxes and duties have already been paid for.
Some express couriers have their own customs brokers who can process this payment for you, and they offer these services at a fixed price when you pay for your label.
However, if the shipment is marked as DDU, customs will forward the package to an independent customs broker to collect the required amount.
This is where it can get very expensive, as all brokers are independent and each charge a different fee structure.
Different fees such as brokerage, storage, and late payment fees may apply, making it impossible to tell the customer what their final amount will be.
4. Shipment Releasing
Once it’s confirmed that outstanding taxes and duties have been paid, the shipment is released and continues to its final destination.
Ways to buy from Turkey
The First Way:
- Buying directly from the websites, then “Yollando” will ship the product as soon as it reaches your address in Turkey.
The Second Way:
- Send “Yollando” a link to the product, using the (Buy For Me) service, and Yollando will buy it for you.
How can I use “Yollando”
- Register on the website of “Yollando“, and get your own unique address in Turkey,
- Buy the product you want, or let the company buy it for you.
- Wait for your product to arrive at your address inTurkey and the Yollando team will add it to your account.
- After you have the packages you’re expecting you can have them shipped to your address by selecting them all.